“An understanding of cognitive phenomena must include a consideration of the environments in which cognitive processes develop and operate.”
- Hutchins 2010

This work is highly focused on this view, using applied cognitive neuroscience methods to understand how a variety of stressors (e.g., extreme temperatures and sleep deprivation) interact with cognition and decision-making. The aim is not only to inform theory, but also develop promising strategies to protect performance.

Recent works (PDFs):


Cognitive Ecology



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The idea that we shape our actions in ways that minimize effort has been a staple of many accounts of human behavior for well over a century. Though widespread, this idea has not been systematically studied until recently. We have begun to examine how individuals achieve the goal of avoiding effort, why is it that effort is largely aversive, and perhaps most important, what is effort

Recent works (PDFs):


It is uncontroversial that our everyday lives are littered with "external" aids. We often use these aids - such as smartphones, calendars, and calculators - to attempt to supplement our internal cognitive processing. This decision to merge an external aid with our internal processing is known as cognitive offloading. How we decide to offload, and how we think about external aids has been the focus of our recent works in this domain. 

Recent works (PDFs):


Cognitive Offloading

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